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Project description

Name of the case study
Helsinki Metropolitan Area Transport System Plan (PLJ 2002)

Description of context
The aim was to renew the existing regional transport strategy.

Description of project - background
The existing transport system plan was rather road transport -oriented, and politicians and the public wanted to this investigated. The official decision on starting the process was made by the Council.

Description of project - objectives/aims
The project objectives were environmental (e.g. air pollution and energy consumption), economical (e.g. transport costs) and social (e.g. accessibility).

Description of project - time interval and stages
The project took 3 years.

A. Four alternative transport policies were determined: 0+ = the current system including investments already accepted, 1 = the former 1998 plan emphasising infrastructure investments, 2 = an alternative based on traffic and mobility management, 3 = trying to minimise transport demand through land use planning.

B. The most important proposals for investments and actions (public transport projects, road projects and actions in traffic policy) were placed into the alternatives according to the impacts of the investment/action; the result was, that each policy alternative became a collection of concrete projects.

C. The criterias for the assessment were chosen (the full list is more detailed, these are the headlines only):
Overall economic impact on society
Transportation functionality
- Public transport: functionality and competitiveness
- Functionality of motor vehicle traffic
- Interconnectivity between various modes of transport Preconditions for business and commerce
- Goods traffic
- Working-place accessibility
Funding Traffic safety
Urban structure
Living environment

D. The alternatives were compared against these criterias using a weighted multi-criteria-analyses: the impacts of each policy alternative to every criteria was measured or estimated, and the impacts were placed into a scale from very clearly negative to very clearly positive. The criterias were not weighted numerically, but their different importance had probably influence on choosing the elements to the final plan (next step).The results are shown in the table below.

The PLJ 2002 Programme of measures
The PLJ 2002 Programme of measures

E. The final plan was then composed including the best elements of each alternative to the plan: so, none of the assessed alternatives was chosen or recommended as such.

F. Finally the final plan was "operationalised" listing the investments and actions following the choice of policy elements (and using the data of part B above), and creating a schedule for implementation of the investments and actions. An example of the policy measures and public transport projects included is shown in the table below.

Table showing part of the multi-criteria analysis
Table showing part of the multi-criteria analysis

Description of project - financing
The cost of the whole planning process (to achieve the regional strategy) was about 500 000 € in money plus 10-11 person years of office work. The cost if the impact estimates (included in the total cost) was about 80 000 €. Half of the costs were paid by the Council, the other half by state organisations (Ministry of Transport and Communications and administrations under the Ministry). The office costs were mainly paid by the Council and the participating municipalities.

Description of project - other sectors involved
Land use planning at the regional level and in the participating 4 municipalities was closely involved.

What tools were used to assess sustainability?

Multi-criteria analysis -(Helsinki Metropolitan Area Council (YTV))

More information

Click here for a full description (pdf)