Opinion of tools
Name of the case study
Name of tool
Opinion of tool - argumentation for choosing the tool
EIA is required by Bulgarian national legislation (Environmental Protection Act) for national and regional investment development projects, programmes, regional and urban plans and their changes, and for plans, leading to land-use change for specific activities.
A Preliminary Environment Impact Study (EIS) was accomplished before the preliminary EIA. EIS was a part of an overall investigation program comprising economic, financial and social analysis, geological and hydrotechnical investigations.
Opinion of tool - barriers for the tool implementation
Opinion of tool - assessment by tool users
It was highly recommended to establish an Environmental Management Plan (EMP) based on the mitigation measures proposed in EIA. EMP should be approved before starting the construction work.
It is important to outline that recommendations were made for the design, construction and operation of both the bridge and the adjacent infrastructure as a result of EIA implementation. The final EIA is to focus more explicitly on sustainable development issues concerning the town of Vidin and the forthcoming urban infrastructure reconstruction to support the bridge operation. EIA also recommended a comprehensive social and economic assessment and a detailed flora and fauna mapping to be undertaken at the next project phases.
The collaboration of the project team with Bulgarian and Romanian ministries and municipalities contributed to the successful implementation of the tool. It provided for active public involvement in the discussions (where all the actors involved were present) and contributed to raising public awareness on a national investment project with high impact on the social, environmental and economic development. During the first public discussion (before the elaboration of the Preliminary EIA) the project team gathered needed information for the archaeological situation in proximity to the new bridge site. Thus a detailed investigation was undertaken and an archaeological site of a national importance was identified and developed for further investigation and opening to the public.
The tool implementation in a transboundary co-operation process provided an organisation scheme that could be applied in other similar situations. The tool implementation provided the information needed for tailoring the bridge impacts to the municipal policy for sustainable urban development.
The tool effectiveness has been already proved through its implementation in various Bulgarian project assessments. In the particular case the tool provided framework opportunities for trans-border co-operation (between Romania and Bulgaria) under differing national socio-economic, environmental and legislative conditions.
The users consider the tool useful and relevant in a process involving many actors. The structure of the tool provides for tracing mutually related impacts and is also open-ended (enables the users to add peculiar fields for investigation when needed).
Opinion of tool - reviewer\'s assessment
Some recommendations: social, economic and urban planning parameters and criteria should be more comprehensively explored.
What tools were used to assess sustainability?