Name of the case study
Where is it located?
What type of activity is it?
Short description of the case study
For the collection of plastics (only plastic packaging) there exist 6 different types of collecting which differ mainly in sector (household, small trade, trade, recycling companies,…) and volume. Waste from households and small businesses is collected together every 4 weeks (up to a volume of 1,100 litres) and is subject of this case study.
For the collection, handling, recycling and disposal of plastic packaging every consumer has to pay a certain amount of money which is already included in the price of all plastic-products. Private companies are responsible for dealing with plastic packaging and have contracts with the municipality.
In Graz the collection of Plastic packaging for recycling had been installed before it was obliged by law. This had financial background because it is much more expensive if plastic packaging is included in residual waste and ends up in dumpsites than to collect and handle it separately.
Plastic packaging is subdivided into 8 fractions (foils, hollow bodies, etc.), most of the material from the 8 fractions is recycled and the rest is burnt as a substitute for other combustibles such as coal. From 1st of January 2004, 95% of all plastic packaging has to be collected for recycling.
What tools were used to assess sustainability?
Waste management plan - pilot project "Yellow bag"