Name of the case study
Description of context
• Neath Port Talbot County Borough Unitary Development Plan (UDP) – Deposit Draft (January 2003) identifies that the land for Llandarcy Urban Village is part of the Objective 1 strategic site known as Swansea Bay Arc of Opportunity. Neath Port Talbot County Borough Council (NPTCBC) have an initiative to regenerate the area and communities as a growth point which it hopes will act as a stimulus to the whole of South West Wales. The aim is to create "a thriving high quality sub-region with an emphasis on raising the quality of life through the area and key regeneration sites". (http://www.neath-porttalbot.gov.uk/downloads/udp/02_thevision.pdf). The Llandarcy Urban Village proposal has been included in Neath Port Talbot Council´s Deposited Unitary Development Plan. Outline planning permission for an early ´stand alone´ phase, consisting of 5 hectares of mixed use development was approved in August 2003.
• The UDP contains a number of policies that apply to the land e.g. the designation of a Green Wedge around Crymlyn Bog/Crymlyn Burrows/Llandarcy; a protection policy for the existing Llandarcy Village and outlines the existence of a number of environmentally sensitive areas (Sites of Special Scientific Interest, candidate SAC and RAMSAR designations) of the site.
Description of project - background
An oil refinery opened on the site in 1917 and over the years employed up to 2,600 staff. Development of North Sea Oil and the closure of a local oil terminal resulted in the announcement in 1997, that Llandarcy Oil Refinery was to close. A small bitumen plant is the only operational facility remaining at the site.
Currently the site comprises mainly derelict buildings and overgrown land. Some of the remaining office buildings date from the 1930´s and 50´s and the refurbishment of these have been incorporated into plans for the site. Llandarcy Garden Village is located near the site which was developed by the D´arcy Family in the 1920´s for employees of the refinery.
Due to the nature of the industry, the site was contaminated with hydrocarbon products and in need of remediation.
The development of the urban village follows on from the establishment of "BP Darcy Development Ltd" in 1987 which to date has supported over 80 local organisations, created over 1,000 new jobs, loaned £1.8M to over 400 local employers, redeveloped BP Sports & Social Club and constructed Glamorgan Health and Racquets Club, a local restaurant and hotel. A number of new businesses have been attracted to the site including the Environment Agency (UK public body for protecting and improving the air, land and water in England and Wales) whose regional headquarters building are located at the site.
Description of project - objectives/aims
The Masterplan for the site was produced by Alan Baxter & Associates, an engineering practice, completed in September 2002 and includes 4,000 houses, 65,000m2 of commercial/industrial space, a primary school, playing fields, parks and community facilities, 3,200 job opportunities, substantial brownfield regeneration and a total economic impact of £1.2bn. Neighbourhoods will be interconnected by walkable streets and will be supported by public transport links. There is an existing freight line that runs through the site with the potential to be converted into a passenger link between Neath and Swansea in the future.
Urban structure and street layout are the main sustainability credentials of the urban village development though this is supported by the incorporation of sustainable design aspects such as energy efficiency and water saving measures. The development strategy for the project is:
"To provide a distinctive approach to the reuse of brownfield land to create inclusive, sustainable mixed-use neighbourhoods, not only to facilitate locally based regeneration, but to strengthen the health and economy of a much wider area– Llandarcy Urban Village".
Description of project - time interval and stages
The development of Llandarcy Urban Village will take place over 25 years in a series of phases.
Description of project - financing
Description of project - other sectors involved
What tools were used to assess sustainability?