Name of the case study
Description of context
Description of project - background
In ´Indre Nørrebro´ KMEK started the experiment in collaboration with local residential organisations, the Waste Disposal Company of 1898 (R98) and the municipality in 1998. The strategy in Indre Nørrebro is to have many fractions – to be able to sort as many recyclable materials as possible. Local composting of ´green´ kitchen waste is part of this strategy.
In Kgs. Enghave the professional organisations, the social housing companies, and their relations with R98 dominated the project. Focus has been on the quality of the recycled materials. Local composting on district level was to be part of the project, the ´green´ kitchen waste was collected, but the project team was not able to find a technological and economical suitable solution during the project period. The materials were transported to another city for composting. Danwaste Consult has evaluated both the Indre Nørrebro project and the Kgs. Enghave project, using a kind of Cost-Benefit Analysis (without transforming the benefits to a monetary value).
Description of project - objectives/aims
Before the projects, the recycling % was 17 in Indre Nørrebro and 15 in Kgs. Enghave. In Indre Nørrebro the recycling percentage increased to 35 %, in Kgs Enghave to 32 %. The cost of running the project in Indre Nørrebro is however considerably higher than in Kgs. Enghave, according to Danwaste´s evaluation. (Suggesting, indirectly, that the Kgs. Enghave project is better than the Indre Nørrebro project)
The project in Indre Nørrebro has furthermore been evaluated as a part of the LIFE-project Økobyen på Indre Nørrebro – Ecocity (1997 – 2000). The focus of this evaluation was especially the collaboration between the Municipality and the NGO´s. The evaluation concluded that this form of project could be a vehicle for new forms of collaboration and stimulation of the local social environment.
The recycling percentages of 32% in Kgs. Enghave and 35% in Indre Nørrebro could be compared with the general recycling percentage for similar waste in Copenhagen: 21%. They could also be compared with the average Danish recycling percentage for daily refuse of 10% and bulky waste of 17% mentioned above. In both cases the systems means an improvement.
Description of project - time interval and stages
Description of project - financing
Description of project - other sectors involved
Transport is a factor to take into consideration in relation to waste handling. More fractions of recyclable materials can cause more transport.
What tools were used to assess sustainability?