Name of the case study
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What type of activity is it?
Short description of the case study
The first idea of a general planning-map which takes into account, for example, electricity networks and wind studies covering the whole regional territory has been rejected due to other countries experiences. Also, a planning-map considering landscapes at a regional scale has been judged not efficient. The definition of zones for wind-farm developments is still under debate in Belgium (and in other European countries). Until now, the tool used, but not legally obligatory, is the EIEolienne map that defines exclusion zones where wind-farm could not be developed within the territory. The main difference with the 2 previous tool-map considered is that the focus is on constraints, Indicators are aggregated to appreciate where wind-farms projects are excluded or restricted. A second tool in use is a Framework of Guidelines for Wind Energy development that establish domain rules and good practices that should respect the settlement of a wind-farm project.
A third ´tool´ the government is considering is a new post: a landscape officer whose task would be to facilitate the assessment of a project giving expert advice.
All these tools are developed to assess wind-farm projects applying for licenses in respect to their impacts on landscape and the use of land. The final goal being a better management of the spreading of the wind farms or ´small infrastructures´ on the territory.
* boe: barrels oil equivalent = 6,12 X 109J
What tools were used to assess sustainability?